Jesus used reason to expose error…

Truth corresponds to reality and is internally consistent. Therefore, logic and reason must be used to interpret and discern truth from error. Jesus demonstrated this as he used reason to expose error and present truth. So the use of the basic principles and procedures of reasoning were an essential part of Jesus’s apologetic. All people, even in their fallen state, have this ability, and Jesus used it in attempting to help them see the truth.

Norman Geisler, from The Apologetics of Jesus, p. 77

A strong concern for logic…

The Gospel accounts that describe the supernatural Jesus also contain argumentative encounters that reveal a strong concern for logic and argument.

Douglas Groothuis, from On Jesus, p. 23

Jesus knew intuitively that A is A…

Like other human beings, Jesus knew intuitively that A is A. Every rational thought and expression he made implied this law (principle of identity). He stated the principle of identity clearly when he said, “But let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No’ ‘No'” (Matt. 5:37). He knew that without this principle we could not even think or talk coherently. For were the principle of identity not true, then God could mean not God, believe could mean not believe, and good could mean not good.

Norman Geisler, from The Apologetics of Jesus, p. 69

Jesus exposed contradictions…

The use of reason and logic were essential to the apologetics of Jesus. Using carefully reasoned arguments, he dismantled the arguments of his opponents and pointed out their errors in thinking. Exposing contradictions and fallacies in logic were the methods he employed.

Norman Geisler, from The Apologetics of Jesus, p. 76

He was the greatest thinker…

When we analyze the arguments of Jesus, we soon realize that he was the greatest thinker who ever set foot upon the earth. Contemporary philosopher Dallas Willard states,

We need to understand that Jesus is a thinker, that this is not a dirty word but an essential work, and that his other attributes do not preclude thought, but only insure that he is certainly the greatest thinker of the human race: “the most intelligent person who ever live on earth.” He constantly uses the power of logical insight to enable people to come to the truth about themselves and about God from the inside of their own heart and mind. Quite certainly it also played a role in his own growth in “wisdom.”

Norman Geisler, from The Apologetics of Jesus, p. 66

Jesus did not countenance every…

Jesus did not countenance every and any view on important subjects, but instead engaged in extensive disputes, some quite heated, mostly with the Jewish intellectual leaders of his day. He was not afraid to cut against the grain of popular opinion if he deemed it to be wrong. He spoke often and passionately about the value of truth and the dangers of error, and he gave arguments to support truth and oppose error.

Douglas Groothuis, from On Jesus, p. 23