Consequently, creation ex nihilo means:
- The universe had an absolute origination (coming into being).
- The universe had an absolute beginning (start in time).
- God solely initiated or caused the creation.
- At the point of creation, the universe became a distinct temporal entity.
- While the universe is an independent reality from God, it nonetheless is continually dependent upon God’s intervening and sustaining power for its continued existence.
- Nothing other than God has an eternal, independent ontological status.
Conversely, creation ex nihilo does not mean:
- That the universe was created either in God or out of God’s being. (Nor does it mean the universe was part of God or emanated from God.)
- The universe was made of preexisting materials such as matter.
- God created the world out of a nothing that was an actual “something.”
- God wound up the universe so it could then run on its own power.
— Kenneth Richard Samples, from A World of Difference, kindle location 1749