… many scientists don’t realize just how many scientifically unprovable philosophical assumptions they make:
- A physical, mind-independent world exists. Some Eastern philosophical schools deny its existence.
- Certain laws of logic are inescapable, universal, and necessary. Without them, thought would be impossible. This assumption isn’t the result of mere fact-inspection.
- The human mind can understand the natural world.
- There are important criteria for a decent hypothesis (elegance, simplicity).
- Nature is, generally speaking, uniform and thus capable of observation and study.
- What we observe in nature can provide clues and indicators of unobservable processes and patterns (subatomic particles, gravitation).
- We trust our reason and sensory abilities, believing they don’t regularly deceive us.
- Scientists often place great personal trust in others’ research as reliable.
— Paul Copan, from Loving Wisdom, kindle location 1621